Source : Wikipedia , the free encyclopedia :
Ma was born on September 10, 1964 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province of China. He started studying English at an early age by speaking with English speakers at the Hangzhou International Hotel. He rode 70 miles on his bike to give tourists tours of the area for nine years of English practice. He became a friend of the couple with one of these foreigners, who nicknamed him "Jack" because he found it difficult to pronounce his name. Later in his youth, he struggled to go to college. Chinese entrance examinations are held only once a year, and it takes four years. He joined the Hangzhou Teacher's Institute (now known as Hangzhou Normal University) and graduated in 1988 with B.A. In English. While in school, he was the president of the Student Council. After graduation, he became a lecturer in English and international trade at Hangzhou Dianzi University.
Some 30 different jobs are offered and rejected by everyone. "I went to work with the police and they said," You are not fit, "said Ma in an interview Charlie Rose." I went to KFC when I arrived in my city. Twenty-four people went to work. Twenty-three people were accepted. I was the only person ... "In addition, he applied ten times to the Harvard Business School (HBS) and was rejected.
In 1994, he heard about the Internet. In early 1995, he went to the United States with his friends, who helped define the Internet. Although he found beer information from many countries, he was surprised not to find anything from China. He also tried to find general information about China and was surprised once again not to find any of them. So he and his friend set up an "ugly" site linked to China. The site was launched at 9:40 am, and by 12:30 pm, e-mails were received from some Chinese investors wishing to identify him. This was when I realized what the Internet had something to offer. In April 1995, Ma and his wife Cathy and his friend collected $ 20,000 and started their first company. Their company was dedicated to creating corporate websites called "China Pages." Within three years, the company had provided 5,000,000 yuan, which was then equivalent to 800,000 US dollars.
Started building Chinese business websites with the help of friends in the United States. "On the day we called the Internet, I invited my friends and TV people to my house," he said. "We waited three and a half hours and got half a page," he recalls. "We drink, watch TV and play cards, wait, but I'm proud of it. At a conference in 2010, he revealed that he did not actually write a line of code and did not sell to a customer. He got a computer for the first time at the age of 33.
From 1998 to 1999, he presided over an information technology company set up by the China International Electronic Commerce Center, a department of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation. In 1999, he resigned and returned to Hangzhou with his team to establish Alibaba, and take the China-based business location of the market in his apartment with a group of 18 friends. A new round of project development began with 500,000 yuan.
Jack Ma at World Leaders Forum 2007 Trust ChinaIn October 1999 and January 2000, Alibaba twice won the $ 25 million foreign capital investment. The program was expected to improve the domestic e-commerce market and provide an e-commerce platform for Chinese enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises (SMES), to meet the challenges of the World Trade Organization (WTO). What improved the global e-commerce system, and from 2003 founded the market Taobao, Alipay, Ali Mama and Lynx. After the rapid rise in Taobao, eBay offered to buy the company. However, he rejected their offer, instead of getting support from Yahoo's Jerry Yang, co-founder, with a $ 1 billion investment.
In September 2014, it was reported that Alibaba had raised more than $ 25 billion in an initial public offering (IPO) on the New York Stock Exchange. Alibaba has become one of the most valuable technology companies in the world having raised $ 25 billion, the largest public offering in the US financial history.
Ma served as CEO of Alibaba Group, a holding company with nine major subsidiaries: Alibaba.com, Taobao market, Tmall, eTao, Alibaba cloud computing, Juhuasuan, 1688.com, Alipay. In November 2012, the volume of dealing on Alibaba exceeded one trillion yuan. As of 2016, what is the owner of Château de Sours in Bordeaux, Chateau Guerry in the Côtes de Bourg and Château Pernne in Blaye, Côtes de Bordeaux.
On January 9, 2017, Ma met with US President-elect Donald Trump at Trump Tower, to discuss potential 1 million jobs in the next five years through the Alibaba interest in the country. On September 8, 2017, to celebrate the year Pope Al (18) to establish, what appeared on stage and turned the event to "stir" with the performance of Michael Jackson Tablet. This is not the first time performed by what happened in Alibaba. He performed part of the film "Can You Feel the Love of Tonight" at the 2009 event while wearing the costume of the lead singer of heavy metal. In the same month, he also partnered with Sir Li Ka-shing in a joint venture to provide digital wallet service in Hong Kong.
Announced on September 10, 2018 that he will step down as CEO of Alibaba Holding Group next year.
In 2017, he first appeared in acting with his first short film in Kung Fu Gong Xu Dao. Filmed in collaboration with Double Double Shopping Carnival Singles Day. In the same year, he also participated in a music festival and performed dances during the 18th anniversary anniversary of Alibaba's founding
Awards and certificates obtained:
In 2004, Ma was honored as one of the "Top 10 Economical Figures of the Year" by China's Central Television (CCTV)
In September 2005, the World Economic Forum chose what it was as a "young global leader."
Fortune was chosen as one of the "25 strongest businessmen in Asia" in 2005.
Business Week chose "Businessman of the Year" in 2007.
In 2008, Barron was introduced as one of the "Top 30 CEOs in the World"
In May 2009, Time magazine was ranked as one of the 100 most powerful people in the world. In his report on achievements, Eddie Ignatius, former chief editor of Time and editor of the Harvard Business Review, said that "the Chinese entrepreneur in the Internet speaks little and speaks English well." He noted that "Taobao.com, What's the auction for consumers, eBay site in China. "  It was also included in this list in 2014.
BusinessWeek chose it as one of the most powerful people in China.
Forbes China selected him as one of the top 10 respected entrepreneurs in China in 2009. Ma received the Best Economist Award at the 2009 CCTV Conference: Business Leaders Award for the Decade.
In 2010, he was selected by Forbes Asia as one of the heroes of charity work in Asia for his contribution to disaster relief and poverty.
In 2011 it was announced that one of his companies had taken over Alipay, which was previously a subsidiary of Alibaba Group, in order to "comply with Chinese law governing payment companies in order to obtain a license to continue to work on Alipay.
Many analysts reported that Alipay sold itself less than market value without informing the Alibaba Group's board or other key owners, Yahoo and Softbank, while Alibaba Group's board was aware of the deal. Property dispute resolved by Alibaba Group, Yahoo! And Softbank in July 2011.
Ma received an honorary doctorate from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in November 2013.
He is a board member of Japan's SoftBank Bank and Huayi Brothers Media Corporation of China. He became Secretary of China's Nature Conservation Program in 2009 and joined its Global Board of Directors in April 2010.
In 2013, he became Chairman of the China Nature Conservation Program. This was one day after stepping down from Ali Baba as CEO.
In 2014, he was ranked 30th among the world's most powerful people in an annual ranking published by Forbes magazine.
In 2015, the Asian Award was awarded the Best Entrepreneur Award.
In 2017, Fortune ranked second in the list of the top 50 figures in the world.
In 2017, the KPMG study ranked the third poll in the visual survey on global technological innovation.
In October 2017, Ma received an honorary degree from the Doctor of Science in Entrepreneurship from De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines.
In May 2018 Ma received an honorary degree in Social Sciences from the University of Hong Kong for his contributions to technology, society and the world.
In May 2018, Ma received his doctorate from Jacob Frenkel and Yaron Oz at Tel Aviv University in Tel Aviv, Israel.
At the annual general meeting of shareholders of Alibaba.com in May 2010, Ma announced that Alibaba Group will start in 2010 to allocate 0.3% of the annual revenues to protect the environment, especially in projects to improve the quality of water and air. From the future of Alibaba, he said: "The challenge we face is to help more people to make healthy money," sustainable money ", money that is not only good for themselves but also good for the community.This is the transformation we aim to make.
In November 2018, the People's Daily identified what is a member of the Chinese Communist Party, something that surprised the observers
Jack Ma is the founder of Jack Ma Foundation, a charitable organization focused on improving education, the environment and public health.
In 2008, Alibaba donated $ 808,000 to victims of the Sichuan earthquake.  In 2009, Jack became Secretary of the China Nature Conservation Program, and in 2010 joined the World Organization Board.
In 2015, Alibaba launched a non-profit organization, Alibaba Hong Kong Young Entrepreneurs, which supports entrepreneurs in Hong Kong to help them grow their businesses. During the same year, the company financed the reconstruction of 1,000 homes damaged by the earthquake in Nepal, raising money for another 9,000 homes and now worth about $ 37,1 B according to Forbes.com.